He was the first jazz musician to appear on the cover of Time magazine, on February 21, 1949. [101] In a live recording of "Baby, It's Cold Outside" with Velma Middleton, he changes the lyric from "Put another record on while I pour" to "Take some Swiss Kriss while I pour. This is what first earned him fame in the early stages of his career in the 1920s. English Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia. A satchel is a type of large bag. A virtuoso trumpeter and popular, gravelly voiced singer, he greatly influenced the development of jazz. With this band, the thirteen year-old Armstrong attracted the attention of Kid Ory. Armstrong was an avid audiophile. During this time, Armstrong recorded with Clarence Williams (a friend from New Orleans), the Williams Blue Five, Sidney Bechet, and blues singers Alberta Hunter, Ma Rainey, and Bessie Smith. Armstrong lived luxuriously in his own apartment with his first private bath. In a memoir written for Robert Goffin between 1943 and 1944, Armstrong states, "All white folks call me Louie," perhaps suggesting that he himself did not or, on the other hand, that no whites addressed him by one of his nicknames such as Pops. The album sold very well for the rest of the year, quickly going "Gold" (500,000). Sidebar Related. The Definition of Jazz. See more. Louis Armstrong was born on August 4, 1901, in the poorest area of New Orleans. [85] His marriage to his third wife lasted four years, and they divorced in 1942. 'Red Beans and Ricely yours, Louis Armstrong.'. [92], During a backstage meeting with trombonist Marshall Brown in 1959, Armstrong received the suggestion that he should go to a doctor and receive proper treatment for his lips instead of relying on home remedies, but he did not get around to doing it until the final years of his life, by which point his health was failing and doctors considered surgery too risky. ..."Uh-huh"..."Sure"..."Way down, way down." Armstrong had a difficult childhood. Louis Armstrong: Solo career …One of the inventors of scat singing, he began to sing lyrics on most of his recordings, varying melodies or decorating with scat phrases in … He found the courage to look for her home to see her away from work. Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (IATA: MSY, ICAO: KMSY, FAA LID: MSY) is a Class B public use international airport in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, United States.It is owned by the city of New Orleans and is located 10 nautical miles (19 km) west of its central business district. Norman Granz then had the vision for Ella and Louis to record Porgy and Bess. He sang the title song with actress Barbra Streisand. Still hoping to get back on the road, Armstrong died of a heart attack in his sleep on July 6, 1971, a month before his 70th birthday. [21] Armstrong joined a quartet of boys who sang in the streets for money. Louis Armstrong, byname Satchmo (truncation of “Satchel Mouth”), (born August 4, 1901, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.—died July 6, 1971, New York, New York), the leading trumpeter and one of the most influential artists in jazz history. Louis Armstrong, 1953. As a result, he branched out, developing his vocal style and making his first theatrical appearances. He found a job at a dance hall owned by Henry Ponce, who had connections to organized crime. He began to scat sing (improvised vocal jazz using nonsensical words) and was among the first to record it, on the Hot Five recording "Heebie Jeebies" in 1926. Louis Armstrong - United States pioneering jazz trumpeter and bandleader Satchmo, Armstrong [35], His first studio recordings were with Oliver for Gennett Records on April 5–6, 1923. This article is spelling it with two "f"s based on Bergreen (1998). Located in his historic Queens, New York City … Define Louis Daniel Armstrong. His solo recording of "Hello, Dolly!" [39] The Henderson Orchestra played in prominent venues for patrons only, including the Roseland Ballroom, with arrangements by Don Redman. The postwar generation regarded their music as abstract art and considered Armstrong's vaudevillian style, half-musician and half-stage entertainer, outmoded and Uncle Tomism, "... he seemed a link to minstrelsy that we were ashamed of. He traveled with the band of Fate Marable, which toured on the steamboat Sidney with the Streckfus Steamers line up and down the Mississippi River. With his new repertoire came a new, simplified style: he created melodic paraphrases and variations as well as chord-change-based improvisations on these songs. He also toured Africa, Europe, and Asia under the sponsorship of the US State Department with great success, earning the nickname "Ambassador Satch" and inspiring Dave Brubeck to compose his jazz musical The Real Ambassadors. Louis Armstrong: 1 n United States pioneering jazz trumpeter and bandleader (1900-1971) Synonyms: Armstrong , Satchmo Example of: jazz musician , jazzman a musician who plays or composes jazz music cornetist , trumpeter a musician who plays the trumpet or cornet [13] At six he attended the Fisk School for Boys,[14] a school that accepted black children in the racially segregated system of New Orleans. [81][82] They adopted a three-year-old boy, Clarence, whose mother, Armstrong's cousin Flora, had died soon after giving birth. Even special musicians like Duke Ellington have praised Armstrong through strong testimonials. Her influence eventually undermined Armstrong's relationship with his mentor, especially concerning his salary and additional money that Oliver held back from Armstrong and other band members. Louis Armstrong was the dominant influence on the swing era, when most trumpeters attempted to emulate his inclination to dramatic structure, melody, or technical virtuosity. Credit... Charles Graham, via Louis Armstrong … He grew up in dire poverty in New Orleans, Louisiana, when jazz was very young. For a time he was a member of the Lil Hardin Armstrong Band and working for his wife. Armstrong's playing technique, honed by constant practice, extended the range, tone and capabilities of the trumpet. [29] Around the age of fifteen, he pimped for a prostitute named Nootsy, but that relationship failed after she stabbed Armstrong in the shoulder and his mother nearly choked her to death. His 1930s recordings took full advantage of the new RCA ribbon microphone, introduced in 1931, which imparted a characteristic warmth to vocals and immediately became an intrinsic part of the 'crooning' sound of artists like Bing Crosby. By then the New Orleans ensemble style, which allowed few solo opportunities, could no longer contain his explosive creativity. American prizefighter who held the heavyweight title for nearly 12 years (1937-1949), successfully defending it for a … Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? "[45] Among the most notable of the Hot Five and Seven records were "Cornet Chop Suey", "Struttin' With Some Barbecue", "Hotter Than that" and "Potato Head Blues," all featuring highly creative solos by Armstrong. [91], Argentine writer Julio Cortázar, a self-described Armstrong admirer, asserted that a 1952 Louis Armstrong concert at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris played a significant role in inspiring him to create the fictional creatures called Cronopios that are the subject of a number of Cortázar's short stories. Knowing he lived without a father, they fed and nurtured him. Armstrong was virtually the first to create significant variations based on the chord harmonies of the songs instead of merely on the melodies. 9), Louis Armstrong Hot Five and Hot Seven Sessions, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louis_Armstrong&oldid=994265111, Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award winners, Louis Armstrong and His Hot Seven members, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Performing arts pages with videographic documentation, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Colored Waif's Home for Boys, Fisk School for Boys, Jimmie Rodgers (featuring Louis Armstrong), This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 21:19. Louis Armstrong, trumpet "West End Blues" was a sleepy Southern blues tune written by Joe "King" Oliver until it landed in the hands of trumpeter Louis Armstrong in … Long before this, however, Armstrong was playing around with his vocals, shortening and lengthening phrases, interjecting improvisations, using his voice as creatively as his trumpet. With his great sensitivity, technique, and capacity to express emotion, Armstrong not only ensured the survival of jazz but led in its development into a fine art. Passive-aggressive personality disorder (PAPD) causes people to express negative feelings and emotions subtly or passively rather… Search . It was the period of his greatest popularity; he produced hit recordings such as “Mack the Knife” and “Hello, Dolly!” and outstanding albums such as his tributes to W.C. Cortázar once called Armstrong himself "Grandísimo Cronopio" (The Great Cronopio). Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.co.uk. satchmo definition: Proper noun 1. Armstrong definition, U.S. jazz trumpeter and bandleader. The albums feature many of Ellington's most famous compositions (as well as two exclusive cuts) with Duke sitting in on piano. The recording was so popular that the group became the most famous jazz band in the United States, even though they had not performed live to any great extent. Celebrating the life and work of jazz legend Louis Armstrong. Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed "Satchmo",[a] "Satch", and "Pops",[2] was an American trumpeter, composer, vocalist, and actor who was among the most influential figures in jazz. According to legend, Satchmo came out of a crusty English journalist's understanding of the words "satchel mouth" in a cool Louisiana drawl. After returning to the United States, he undertook several exhausting tours. Armstrong recorded two albums with Ella Fitzgerald: Ella and Louis, and Ella and Louis Again for Verve Records, with the sessions featuring the backing musicianship of the Oscar Peterson Trio and drummers Buddy Rich (on the first album), and Louie Bellson (on the second). Sources. Armstrong moved to Los Angeles in 1930 to seek new opportunities. [87] However, in December 2012, 57-year-old Sharon Preston-Folta claimed to be his daughter from a 1950s affair between Armstrong and Lucille "Sweets" Preston, a dancer at the Cotton Club. [62], Armstrong changed the jazz during the Harlem Renaissance. During the next 30 years, Armstrong played more than 300 performances a year. Bix Beiderbecke died and Fletcher Henderson's band broke up. He received many accolades including three Grammy Award nominations and a win for his vocal performance of Hello, Dolly! On the road, he wrote constantly, sharing favorite themes of his life with correspondents around the world. Armstrong appeared in films such as High Society (1956) alongside Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, and Frank Sinatra, and Hello, Dolly! In 1964, Armstrong knocked The Beatles off the top of the Billboard Hot 100 chart with "Hello, Dolly! Louis-Armstrong. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Born on August 4, 1901, in New Orleans, Louisiana, Armstrong was famous for his unique voice and a trumpet solo, Armstrong frequently used an improvised technique of singing, called scat singing, emulating instrumental solos. Recommend to friends. By the summer of 1970, his doctors pronounced him fit enough to resume live performances. As a child, he worked odd jobs and sang in a boys’ quartet. Louis Armstrong, 1901-1971, an American jazz musician. His influence on Henderson's tenor sax soloist, Coleman Hawkins, can be judged by listening to the records made by the band during this period. Armstrong was the first African American to host a nationally broadcast radio show in the 1930s. [79] That said, Armstrong was registered as "Lewie" for the 1920 U.S. Census. Noun 1. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band performing in Chicago, 1923. Search. Armstrong's famous interpretation of Carmichael's "Stardust" became one of the most successful versions of this song ever recorded, showcasing Armstrong's unique vocal sound and style and his innovative approach to singing songs that had already become standards. [24] Life at the home was spartan. [123] He was released from the hospital in May, and quickly resumed practicing his trumpet playing. Louis Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo or Pops, was an American jazz trumpeter, composer and singer who became one of the pivotal and most influential figures in jazz music. [110], In his early years, Armstrong was best known for his virtuosity with the cornet and trumpet. His trumpet range continued to expand, as demonstrated in the high-note showpieces in his repertoire. He played the trumpet and sang with a rough voice. It was used as the title of a 2010 biography of Armstrong by Terry Teachout. Faubus", David Margolick, The Day Louis Armstrong Made Noise, "9 Things You May Not Know About Louis Armstrong – History Lists", "Rare Footage of Duke Ellington Highlights When Jazz and Baseball Were in Perfect Harmony", "NPR's Jazz Profiles from NPR: Louis Armstrong: The Singer", "Louis Armstrong's Secret Lessons From Judaism", Hit Parade Italia – Festival di Sanremo 1968, "High Society (1956) - High Society Calpyso", "Louis Armstrong, Jazz Trumpeter and Singer, Dies", "Louis Armstrong Dies: 1971 Year in Review", "Experience The Music: One Hit Wonders and The Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll", "At Home with Harold Bloom: (3) The Jazz Bridge", "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire", Louis Armstrong: discography and early recordings (RealPlayer format), "Louis Armstrong Transcription Project – John P Birchall", Discography of American Historical Recordings, "How (and Why) I Grew to Love King Louis", "When I Pick Up That Horn, That's All" by Nat Hentoff, "Louis Armstrong collected news and commentary", You Won't Be Satisfied (Until You Break My Heart), The Complete Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong on Verve. Musicians and close friends usually called him "Pops".[78]. Armstrong synonyms, Armstrong pronunciation, Armstrong translation, English dictionary definition of Armstrong. Conversely, a … [1] The airport's address is 900 Airline Drive in Kenner, Louisiana. He recorded his first solos as a member of the Oliver band in such pieces as “Chimes Blues” and “Tears,” which Lil and Louis Armstrong composed. NPR’s Roy Hurst reports. During his 1930s European tour, he suffered an ulceration so severe that he had to stop playing entirely for a year. This time we are looking on the crossword puzzle clue for: Louis Armstrong’s nickname. Mob bosses from New York City and Chicago threatened Louis Armstrong in attempts to control his management contract. Health. In her small home, he had to share a bed with his mother and sister. If I had to choose between the two, ultimately, I wouldn't. [122], Against his doctor's advice, Armstrong played a two-week engagement in March 1971 at the Waldorf-Astoria's Empire Room. [91][112], Prior to Armstrong, most collective ensemble playing in jazz, along with its occasional solos, simply varied the melodies of the songs. Brothers’ introduction to the “Karnofsky Document” is short but does an excellent job of summarizing the various contradictions in Armstrong’s many versions of … He spent the night at New Orleans Juvenile Court, then was sentenced the next day to detention at the Colored Waif's Home. [citation needed], Oliver's band was among the most influential jazz bands in Chicago in the early 1920s. [84] His relationship with Alpha, however, began while he was playing at the Vendome during the 1920s and continued long after. Somebody called my name?" Armstrong could blow two hundred high Cs in a row. 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