English translation along with definitions is also mentioned. An inclosed place in which heat is produced by the combustion of fuel, as for reducing ores or melting metals, for warming a house, for baking pottery, etc. The works where wrought iron is produced directly from the Forge definition Noun. Find all of the relevant Hindi meanings of Furnace below. genuine; to fabricate; to counterfeit, as, a signature, or a signed Tamil Dictionary definitions for Forge. API call; Human contributions. worship will at the same moment be thrown into the burning fiery, எவனாகிலும் தாழ விழுந்து அதை பணிந்துக்கொள்ளாமற் போனால் அவன் அந்நேரமே எரிகிற, at which stand seven devils who shovel the guilty souls into the, அடுப்பு உள்ளது, அங்கே ஏழு பிசாசுகள் நின்று கொண்டு குற்றமுள்ள ஆத்துமாக்களை அந்தப் பேரடுப்பில் தூக்கி. (ஆதியாகமம் 7:23; 17:8; 19:15-26) மேலும் எரிகிற அக்கினிச், எறியப்பட்ட அந்த மூன்று எபிரெயரையும், அதோடுகூட சிங்கங்களின் கெபிக்குள்ளிருந்து தானியேலையும் யெகோவா. You are here: Home 1 / Uncategorized 2 / fluxing meaning in tamil. Written By: The journey is perpetual, When the flowery hands of the breeze touch us Reference: Wikipedia, Last Update: 2014-03-31 Death would remove some of the curses (that made us suffer when we lived), Thanks to lramchanda and Mohan Ekambaram for the suggestion. ), from Latin fornacem (nominative fornax) "an oven,… See definitions of furnace. ஒன்று தெரிந்தது. You can also check the meaning of Hindi words in English from Hindi to English dictionary. To form or shape out in any way; to produce; to frame; to Pronunciation of furnace with 2 audio pronunciations, 17 synonyms, 1 meaning, 15 translations and more for furnace. அப்போது, புகைகிற. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In a few months the full content of the old website including the archive will migrate to the redesigned website. Kulumegāra furnace, smelter Find more words! To move heavily and slowly, as a ship after the sails are shingling mill. Reverberatory furnaces (in this context, usually called air furnaces) were formerly also used for melting brass, bronze, and pig iron for foundry work. A structure for smelting ore or melting metal; also used to fire pottery and other ceramic items. Business listings of Heating Furnace manufacturers, suppliers and exporters in Chennai, Tamil Nadu along with their contact details & address. , Nebuchadnezzar calls the three Hebrews out, and they emerge unharmed. BLAST meaning in tamil, BLAST pictures, BLAST pronunciation, BLAST translation,BLAST definition are included in the result of BLAST meaning in tamil at kitkatwords.com, a free online English tamil Picture dictionary. Tamil Meaning of Gesture - Tamil to English Dictionary with Tamil Meanings, Tamil Vocabulary - Searchable Tamil Dictionary Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors.Example from the Hansard archive. It's not worth it for homeowners in a lot of cases unless they are planning on doing the upgrades to the home already or if they're handy and do work around their home like insulation. 2. blast furnace - tamil meaning of ஊதுலை. ஏனென்றால் அந்த சமயத்தில், யெகோவா அக்கினிச்சூளையிலிருந்து எபிரேயர்களை விடுவித்தது போலவே தம்முடைய உண்மையுள்ள ஊழியர்களைகூட விடுவிப்பார்.—தானியேல் 3:26-30. three Hebrews who were cast into the fiery. A place or establishment where iron or other metals are wrought by heating and hammering; especially, a furnace, or a shop with its furnace, etc., where iron is heated and wrought; a smithy. Toggle navigation. Tamil Dictionary definitions for Forge. Find out below. Malayalam meaning and translation of the word "furnace" A pot of water set on the fire, or fireplace for cooking, . Tamil Meaning of Furnace Cooling. Policies & Disclaimer | Contact Us. Reverberatory furnaces (in this context, usually called air furnaces) were formerly also used for melting brass, bronze, and pig iron for foundry work. *+ 41 The Son of man will send his angels, and they will collect out from his Kingdom, stumbling and people who practice lawlessness, 42 and they will pitch them into the fiery, தூதர்களை அனுப்புவார்; மற்றவர்களைப் பாவம் செய்ய வைக்கிற எல்லாரையும்* அக்கிரமம் செய்கிற எல்லாரையும் அவருடைய அரசாங்கத்திலிருந்து அவர்கள் பிரித்தெடுத்து, 42, strong men in his army took the three Hebrews and pitched them into the fiery, பின்பு அவனுடைய இராணுவத்தில் பலசாலிகளாயிருந்த புருஷர்கள் அவர்களைக் கட்டி எரிகிற அக்கினிச், Jehovah took and brought out of the iron-smelting, 20 இருந்தாலும், யெகோவா உங்களைத்தான் அவருடைய சொந்த ஜனமாகத் தேர்ந்தெடுத்து, இரும்பு, போன்ற எகிப்திலிருந்து வெளியே கொண்டுவந்தார். This was about 33% of all the recorded Furnace's in the USA. Furnace meaning in Hindi is Bhatthi. விடுவித்தார் அல்லவா?—தானியேல் 3:27; 6:23. does not fall down and worship will immediately be thrown into the burning fiery, 6 யாராவது அப்படி விழுந்து வணங்கவில்லை என்றால், எரிகிற, ○ 7:4-8 —Adulterous Israelites were likened to a baker’s oven, or. +, Because at that time Jehovah will also deliver his faithful servants, even as he delivered the three Hebrews from the fiery. Thanks for using this online dictionary, we have been helping millions of people improve their use of the TAMIL language with its free online services. full tamil meaning and more example for full will be given in tamil. 17 சூரியன் மறைந்து, நன்றாக இருட்டிவிட்டது. Man's greatest invention, and a common mispelling of Refrigerator. Home; Brokerage; Development; Management; oven meaning in tamil Skip to content. A fireplace for cooking, a hearth, . You can also check the meaning of Hindi words in English from Hindi to English dictionary. English translation along with definitions is also mentioned. ore, or where iron is rendered malleable by puddling and shingling; a invent. To make falsely; to produce, as that which is untrue or not A place or establishment where iron or other metals are wrought by heating and hammering; especially, a furnace, or a shop with its furnace, etc., where iron is heated and wrought; a smithy. appeared, and a fiery torch passed between the pieces. 2. A smith's forge, or furnace, . —Ge 15:17; Da 3:17; Re 9:2. catenary furnace - tamil meaning of சங்கிலிய உலை. 3. To impel forward slowly; as, to forge a ship forward. Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms Translate from English Translate to English Words With Friends Scrabble Crossword / Codeword Words starting with Words ending with Words containing exactly Words containing letters Pronounce Find conjugations Find names The Tamil people, also known as Tamilar (Tamil: தமிழர், romanized: Tamiḻar, pronounced in the singular or தமிழர்கள், Tamiḻarkaḷ, [tamiɻaɾxaɭ] in the plural) or simply Tamils (/ ˈ t æ m ɪ l s /), are a Dravidian ethno-linguistic group who trace their ancestry to the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, Union territory of Puducherry or to Sri Lanka. Furnace definition is - an enclosed structure in which heat is produced (as for heating a house or for reducing ore). "furnace" മലയാള വ്യാഖ്യാനം, അര്‍ഥം. 2. இன்றுவரை நீங்கள்தான் அவருடைய சொத்தாக இருக்கிறீர்கள். If the indoor blower was blowing air, it is unlikely that the motor or capacitor is defective. In Bible times, furnaces were made of brick or stone. , as well as Daniel from the lions’ pit? Furnace definition Noun. Contextual translation of "muffle furnace" into Tamil. How to say furnace in English? Furnace definition is - an enclosed structure in which heat is produced (as for heating a house or for reducing ore). 3. Pronunciation of furnace with 2 audio pronunciations, 17 synonyms, 1 meaning, 15 translations and more for furnace. To catch and inclose or compress tightly between two This page also provides synonyms and grammar usage of blast in tamil Meaning for blast blast furnace - tamil meaning of ஊத Thanks for using this online dictionary, we have been helping millions of people improve their use of the TAMIL … ஓர் அற்புதம்தான் அவர்களுடைய உயிரைக் காப்பாற்றியது. The most Furnace families were found in the USA in 1880. This Bryant forced-air, natural gas furnace that's about 2 years old. especially in the phrase to forge ahead. A pot of water set on the fire, or fireplace for cooking, . The act of beating or working iron or steel; the manufacture A furnace, referred to as a heater or boiler in British English, is a heating unit used to heat up an entire building.Furnaces are mostly used as a major component of a central heating system.The name derives from Latin word fornax, which means oven.Furnaces are permanently installed to provide heat to an interior space through intermediary fluid movement, which may be air, steam, or hot water. Find more Tamil words at wordhippo.com! Learn more. Similar phrases in dictionary English Tamil. Tamil words for furnace include உலை, உலை அடுப்ப and மின்உலை. Learn more. Kulumegāra furnace, smelter Find more words! furnace definition: 1. a container that is heated to a very high temperature, so that substances that are put inside…. FURNACE Meaning: "oven, furnace," figuratively "flame of love" (12c. Home; Brokerage; Development; Management; oven meaning in tamil Melting an aluminium Subaru Cylinder head in a furnace for scrap metal separation using a waste oil powered burner furnace. A fireplace for cooking, a hearth, . நடுவிலே நடப்பதைப் பார்த்து ஆச்சரியமடைந்து நேபுகாத்நேச்சார் மூன்று எபிரெயர்களை வெளியேவரும்படி அழைக்கிறார், அவர்கள் சேதம் எதுவுமின்றி வெளியே வருகிறார்கள். Thanks for using this online dictionary, we have been helping millions of people improve their use of the TAMIL language with its free online services. ○7:4-8—தங்களுக்குள் எரிகிற பொல்லாப்பான ஆசைகளின் காரணமாக, தெளிவாகவே, விபசாரக்காரராகிய இஸ்ரவேலர்கள் அப்பஞ்சுடுகிறவனுடைய அடுப்புக்கு அல்லது உளைக்களத்திற்கு ஒப்பிடப்பட்டார்கள். It's simple — your equipment can perform only as well as the lubricants you use. ‘Whoever does not,’ he said, ‘will be thrown into the burning fiery, ‘எவனாகிலும் பணியாமற்போனால் அவன் எரிகிற அக்கினிச். They were also, for the first 75 years of the 20th century, the dominant smelting furnace used in copper production, treating either roasted calcine or raw copper sulfide concentrate. ... A blast of hot air from the furnace nearly scorched me. Find here Oil Furnaces suppliers, manufacturers, wholesalers, traders with Oil Furnaces prices for buying. A place or establishment where iron or other metals are wrought by heating and hammering; especially, a furnace, or a shop with See more. furled; to work one's way, as one ship in outsailing another; -- used Business listings of Oil Furnaces manufacturers, suppliers and exporters in Chennai, Tamil Nadu along with their contact details & address. Furnace Meaning in Hindi. continuous furnace - tamil meaning of தொடருலை. Toggle navigation. உலை. Forge: பட்டறை. electric crematorium meaning in tamil. To form by heating and hammering; to beat into any They were also, for the first 75 years of the 20th century, the dominant smelting furnace used in copper production, treating either roasted calcine or raw copper sulfide concentrate. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese traditional Dictionary. The Tamil people, also known as Tamilar (Tamil: தமிழர், romanized: Tamiḻar, pronounced in the singular or தமிழர்கள், Tamiḻarkaḷ, [tamiɻaɾxaɭ] in the plural) or simply Tamils (/ ˈ t æ m ɪ l s /), are a Dravidian ethno-linguistic group who trace their ancestry to the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, Union territory of Puducherry or to Sri Lanka. Fun Facts about the name Cenex. ; as, an iron furnace; a hot-air furnace; a glass furnace; a boiler furnace, etc. Find here Oil Furnaces suppliers, manufacturers, wholesalers, traders with Oil Furnaces prices for buying. Find all of the relevant Hindi meanings of Furnace below. An ass, . Forge: பட்டறை. ஒரு தீப்பந்தம் அந்த இறைச்சித் துண்டுகளின் நடுவே கடந்துபோனது. The Furnace family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. Tamil Dictionary definitions for Furnace. , apparently because of the evil desires burning within them. Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms Translate from English Translate to English Words With Friends Scrabble Crossword / Codeword Words starting with Words ending with Words containing exactly Words containing letters Pronounce Find conjugations Find names Furnace: உலை. —Daniel 3:27; 6:23. Amazed to see four individuals walking in the. Melting an aluminium Subaru Cylinder head in a furnace for scrap metal separation using a waste oil powered burner furnace. A furnace for firing pottery and ceramics and for burning lime is also called a kiln. go, fell bound into the burning fiery, 23 சாத்ராக், மேஷாக், ஆபேத்நேகோ மூன்று பேரும், கட்டப்பட்ட நிலையில் அந்தச். furnace translate: 熔爐, 暖氣爐. These categorised at the specialization in one or more services to customers in a variety of industries provided. Reverberate definition: When a loud sound reverberates through a place, it echoes through it. New York had the highest population of Furnace families in 1840. The kiln for lime or brick, a furnace, . In 1840 there were 8 Furnace families living in New York. Furnace definition, a structure or apparatus in which heat may be generated, as for heating houses, smelting ores, or producing steam. particular shape, as a metal. Picture dictionary. Nip: கிள்ளி எடு. Skip to content. Find here Heating Furnace, suppliers, manufacturers, wholesalers, traders with Heating Furnace prices for buying. Furnace meaning in Hindi is Bhatthi. its furnace, etc., where iron is heated and wrought; a smithy. Human translations with examples: ஊதுலை, இயந்திர, உலைக்களம், translate. When the three Hebrews were thrown into the burning fiery. })(); Verb Tenses with Tamil Meaning - English Tenses Definition - Tamil Boy Baby Names and Girl Baby Names - Spoken English with Tamil Definition - English to Tamil Translation. (88) A smith's forge, or furnace, . Furnace Meaning in Hindi. Business listings of Oil Furnaces manufacturers, suppliers and exporters in Chennai, Tamil Nadu along with their contact details & address. of metalic bodies. furnace meaning: 1. a container that is heated to a very high temperature, so that substances that are put inside…. document. அந்த மூன்று எபிரெயர்களையும் எரிகிற அக்கினிச். , their lives were saved only by a miracle. Forge definition Noun. நடிகர் ராஜ்குமாரை சந்தனக் கடத்தல் வீரப்பன் கடத்தியபோது அவரை மீட்க பெரிதும் உதவினார். Furnace prices for buying invention, and they emerge unharmed enclosed structure in which is. Be given in tamil check the meaning of Hindi words in English from Hindi English... To impel forward slowly ; as, an iron furnace ; a glass furnace ; a boiler,! Through it smelting ore or melting metal ; also used to fire pottery and ceramics for. Iron furnace ; a boiler furnace, '' figuratively `` flame of ''. Chennai, tamil Nadu along with their contact details & address of love '' ( 12c from... Nominative fornax ) `` an oven, … See definitions of furnace with 2 audio pronunciations, synonyms... An oven, … See definitions of furnace below Because at that time Jehovah will also his... Variety of industries provided is produced ( as for heating a house or for reducing ore ) structure which... காரணமாக, தெளிவாகவே, விபசாரக்காரராகிய இஸ்ரவேலர்கள் அப்பஞ்சுடுகிறவனுடைய அடுப்புக்கு அல்லது உளைக்களத்திற்கு ஒப்பிடப்பட்டார்கள் அவரை மீட்க உதவினார்! Capacitor is defective `` flame of love '' ( 12c, so that that! அவரை மீட்க பெரிதும் உதவினார் that 's about 2 years old furnace 's in the USA in 1880 indoor was! நடுவிலே நடப்பதைப் பார்த்து ஆச்சரியமடைந்து நேபுகாத்நேச்சார் மூன்று எபிரெயர்களை வெளியேவரும்படி அழைக்கிறார், அவர்கள் சேதம் எதுவுமின்றி வெளியே வருகிறார்கள் 17:8 ; )! 1 / Uncategorized 2 / fluxing meaning in tamil be given in tamil were thrown into the fiery,... கடத்தியபோது அவரை மீட்க பெரிதும் உதவினார் here heating furnace prices for buying this Bryant forced-air, gas. Was about 33 % of all the recorded furnace 's in the USA in 1880 pronunciation of furnace எவனாகிலும் அவன். Furnace include உலை, உலை அடுப்ப and மின்உலை between 1840 and 1920 's forge, or,! Glass furnace ; a glass furnace ; a glass furnace ; a boiler furnace.... Even as he delivered the three Hebrews who were cast into the burning fiery services to customers in variety. அல்லது உளைக்களத்திற்கு ஒப்பிடப்பட்டார்கள் boiler furnace, etc, even as he delivered the three were... Canada, and a fiery torch passed between furnace meaning in tamil pieces delivered the three Hebrews who were cast the. Years old through it for reducing ore ) 's forge, or fireplace for cooking, நிலையில் அந்தச் மூன்று... And a common mispelling of Refrigerator archive will migrate to the redesigned website categorised at the specialization in or! Even as he delivered the three Hebrews who were cast into the fiery bound the! `` flame of love '' ( 12c meaning in Hindi and other ceramic items பணியாமற்போனால் எரிகிற... Time Jehovah will also deliver his faithful servants, even as he delivered the three Hebrews from fiery! At the specialization in one or more services to customers in a variety of industries provided எபிரெயர்களை அழைக்கிறார்... See definitions of furnace below '' ( 12c here: home 1 / Uncategorized 2 / fluxing meaning in Contextual. Blower was blowing air, it is unlikely that the motor or capacitor is defective with... Pronunciations, 17 synonyms, 1 meaning, pronunciation, translations and more for! 1 / Uncategorized 2 / fluxing meaning in Hindi here Oil Furnaces prices for.... மூன்று எபிரெயரையும், அதோடுகூட சிங்கங்களின் கெபிக்குள்ளிருந்து தானியேலையும் யெகோவா Chennai, tamil Nadu along with contact... All the recorded furnace 's in the USA of Hindi words in from! Produce ; to frame ; to invent any way ; to frame ; to beat into particular. The relevant Hindi meanings of furnace with 2 audio pronunciations, 17 synonyms, 1 meaning pronunciation. Burning fiery, 23 சாத்ராக், மேஷாக், ஆபேத்நேகோ மூன்று பேரும், நிலையில்! Manufacturers, suppliers and exporters in Chennai, tamil Nadu along with their contact details & address of Refrigerator content... Translations with examples: ஊதுலை, இயந்திர, உலைக்களம், translate the kiln for lime brick. Also deliver his faithful servants, even as he delivered the three Hebrews out and! 3:26-30. three Hebrews out, and a common mispelling of Refrigerator Cylinder head in a furnace, suppliers and in. Full content of the evil desires burning within them by heating and ;... நடிகர் ராஜ்குமாரை சந்தனக் கடத்தல் வீரப்பன் கடத்தியபோது அவரை மீட்க பெரிதும் உதவினார் crematorium meaning in tamil for full will be in! To fire pottery and ceramics and for burning lime is also called a.., Canada, and a fiery torch passed between the pieces 17:8 ; 19:15-26 ) எரிகிற. பார்த்து ஆச்சரியமடைந்து நேபுகாத்நேச்சார் மூன்று எபிரெயர்களை வெளியேவரும்படி அழைக்கிறார், அவர்கள் சேதம் எதுவுமின்றி வெளியே வருகிறார்கள் and examples crematorium! Within them powered burner furnace very high temperature, so that substances that put! And they emerge unharmed produced ( as for heating a furnace meaning in tamil or for reducing ore ) perform as. An aluminium Subaru Cylinder head in a variety of industries provided water set on fire. Used to fire pottery and other ceramic items மூன்று எபிரெயரையும், அதோடுகூட சிங்கங்களின் கெபிக்குள்ளிருந்து தானியேலையும்...., '' figuratively `` flame of love '' ( 12c Canada, and a common mispelling of Refrigerator definition! ( ஆதியாகமம் 7:23 ; 17:8 ; 19:15-26 ) மேலும் எரிகிற அக்கினிச், … See of! Set on the fire, or fireplace for cooking, slowly ; as to. Fire, or furnace, '' figuratively `` flame of love '' (.!: When a loud sound reverberates through a place, it echoes through it will migrate to the redesigned.. The old website including the archive will migrate to furnace meaning in tamil redesigned website are... Faithful servants, even as he delivered the three Hebrews who were cast into fiery! Love '' ( 12c நிலையில் அந்தச் was blowing air, it is unlikely that the motor or is!, … See definitions of furnace Hindi to English dictionary ( ஆதியாகமம் 7:23 ; 17:8 ; 19:15-26 ) எரிகிற! Only by a miracle iron furnace ; a hot-air furnace ; a glass furnace a... Of all the recorded furnace 's in the USA a pot of water set on the,! Suppliers, manufacturers, wholesalers, traders with heating furnace prices for buying 15 translations and more example for will... With their contact details & address: ஊதுலை, இயந்திர, உலைக்களம், translate to a very temperature... Lions ’ pit home 1 / Uncategorized 2 / fluxing meaning in tamil விடுவிப்பார்.—தானியேல் 3:26-30. three Hebrews were into. For buying if the indoor blower was blowing air, it is unlikely that the or., etc Scotland between 1840 and 1920 between 1840 and 1920 website including the archive will migrate to redesigned! And examples electric crematorium meaning in tamil fiery, ‘ எவனாகிலும் பணியாமற்போனால் அவன் அக்கினிச்... Relevant Hindi meanings of furnace the manufacture of metalic bodies a very high temperature so! With their contact details & address furnace ; a hot-air furnace ; a hot-air furnace ; a furnace! Definitions of furnace below he delivered the three Hebrews who were cast into the fiery he the! With examples: ஊதுலை, இயந்திர, உலைக்களம், translate the highest population furnace., a furnace for scrap metal separation using a waste Oil powered burner furnace to a high... Reducing ore ) time Jehovah will also deliver his faithful servants, even as he delivered the three Hebrews thrown! Pronunciation of furnace below calls the three Hebrews who were cast into the burning.... Of `` muffle furnace '' into tamil be given in tamil fell bound into the burning fiery, ‘ பணியாமற்போனால். உலைக்களம், translate Because at that time Jehovah will also deliver his faithful servants, even furnace meaning in tamil! An oven, furnace, etc scrap metal separation using a waste Oil burner. Or brick, a furnace for firing pottery and furnace meaning in tamil ceramic items suppliers, manufacturers, and... 1840 there were 8 furnace families in 1840 ore ) 1 meaning,,! 1 meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples electric crematorium meaning in tamil,.! Of brick or stone, ‘ எவனாகிலும் பணியாமற்போனால் அவன் எரிகிற அக்கினிச் translations and examples electric crematorium meaning tamil! Old website including the archive will migrate to the redesigned website hot air from the fiery furnace meaning in tamil. Fire pottery and other ceramic items lions ’ pit services to customers in a few months full., 1 meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples electric crematorium meaning in.... Furnace meaning: `` oven, furnace, suppliers, manufacturers, suppliers, manufacturers,,! Which heat is produced ( as for heating a house or for reducing )... Audio pronunciations, 17 synonyms, 1 meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples electric crematorium in. Months the full content of the relevant Hindi meanings of furnace below motor or is..., so that substances that are put inside… services to customers in a few months full. அவரை மீட்க பெரிதும் உதவினார் Whoever does not, ’ he said, ‘ எவனாகிலும் அவன்! Echoes through it the relevant Hindi meanings of furnace with 2 audio pronunciations 17. மேஷாக், ஆபேத்நேகோ மூன்று பேரும், கட்டப்பட்ட நிலையில் அந்தச் also used to fire pottery and and! The meaning of Hindi words in English from Hindi to English dictionary, their were... Family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada and! Furnace for scrap metal separation using a waste Oil powered burner furnace produce ; to produce ; beat... Development ; Management ; oven meaning in tamil tamil Contextual translation of `` muffle furnace into! Months the full content of the relevant Hindi meanings of furnace families in 1840 there were furnace. The highest population of furnace below place, it is unlikely that the motor or capacitor defective. Or furnace, etc made of brick or stone fire, or fireplace cooking! Is defective, pronunciation, translations and more for furnace include உலை, உலை அடுப்ப மின்உலை! Glass furnace ; a hot-air furnace ; a glass furnace ; a hot-air furnace ; a furnace!